For articles with the same name, see Quinze-Décembre .
Abbreviations / See also
- (° 1852 ) = born in 1852
- († 1885 ) = died in 1885
- as = Julian calendar
- ns = Gregorian calendar
- Perpetual calendar
- List of calendars
- Births of the day
THEis the 349th day of the year of the Gregorian calendar , 350th when it is a leap year .
There are then 16 days left before the end of the calendar year.
It was usually Frimaire 25 of the French Republican or Revolutionary calendar , officially referred to as Grillon Day .
6th century _
- 533 :
- promulgation of the Pandects , collections of laws known by their Latin name of Digest , or Justinian Code .
- Battle of Tricameron .
11th century _
- 1055 : Toghrul-Beg captures Baghdad . [ref. necessary]
16th century _
- 1515 : touch of scrofula by the new King of France François I in Bologna , before he left for Milan (between Marignan and Milan) [ 1 ] .
- 1582 : the year does not have in France. Due to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar by this country, the day after Sunday December 9 will have been Monday December 20 there directly (and the 25th of Christmas , in the Spanish Netherlands?).
18th century _
- 1778 : Battle of Saint Lucia , two days after Saint Lucia , during the American Revolutionary War .
- 1791 :
- the King of Sweden Gustave III proposes to take the lead in a war against France. [ref. necessary]
- The United States Bill of Rights , or United States Bill of Rights , consisting of the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution , comes into effect.
- 1796 : During the Irish Expedition , an army of 45 ships, carrying 13,400 men, left the military port of Brest , but it was quickly dispersed by storm.
- 1799 : French troops retake Rome and occupy the Kingdom of Naples . [ref. necessary]
19th century _
- 1840 : Under the July Monarchy of French King Louis-Philippe , the ashes of Napoleon Bonaparte , transferred from the English Atlantic island of Saint Helena , were deposited at Les Invalides in Paris.
- 1848 : the Austrian army invades Hungary . [ref. necessary]
- 1899 : Boer victory , at the Battle of Colenso , in southern Africa.
20th century _
- 1940 : under the Occupation and the Vichy regime , transfer of the ashes of Napoleon II to the Invalides , 100 years to the day after those of his father.
- 1941 : the Japanese land in northern Borneo , then a Dutch colony of the future Indonesia (World War II, recently extended to the Pacific with the United States as new direct belligerents).
- 1946 : In Cambodia , Prince Sisowath Youtevong , leader of the Democratic Party and winner of recent elections , becomes Prime Minister .
- 1964 : in Canada , the House of Commons adopts the maple leaf flag , to replace that with the British “ Red Ensign ” [ 2 ] .
- 1976 : The Law for Spanish Political Reform is approved by referendum , involving the dissolution of the Franco regime , and paving the way for a democratic transition.
- 1989 : adoption of the second protocol to the international covenant on civil and political rights .
- 1999 : in Venezuela, referendum on the adoption of a new constitution .
21st century _
- 2005 : first democratic legislative election in Iraq .
- 2013 :
- Michelle Bachelet is elected President of the Republic of Chile .
- Beginning of the South Sudanese Civil War .
- 2021 : in Tonga , Siaosi Sovaleni becomes Prime Minister following the legislative elections [ 3 ] .
Arts, culture and religion
- 1582 : by decision of Pope Gregory XIII , transposed into "national" law, the year does not have a. Due to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar by this country, the day after Sunday, December 9 will have been Monday, December 20 directly.
- 1930 : in his book The Visible Woman , Salvador Dalí invents “paranoid-critical activity [ 4 ] . »
- 1947 : publication of Van Gogh, the suicide of society , by Antonin Artaud [ 5 ] .
- 1986 : in Paris, launch of the cable/satellite television channel Paris Première .
- 1994 : UNESCO lists the Tatshenshini Alsek Reserve , which straddles Canadian British Columbia and Yukon , and American Alaska , as a World Heritage Site . [ref. necessary]
- 2001 : the tower of Pisa reopens to the public in Tuscany (Italy) after eleven years of work to prevent it from leaning further and making its visitors lean (it has been recovering imperceptibly since around 2016) [ 6 ] .
- 2018 : Epiphanius is elected Metropolitan of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine .
- 2020 : Beethoven year due to his 250th birthday below, on December 15, 16 or 17 (in addition to a de Gaulle year in France, and an international covid19 year).
Science and technology
- 1582 : the year does not have in France, between 9 and directly 20, of the same month (transition to the Gregorian calendar).
- 1948 : first commissioning of Zoé , the first French atomic pile.
- 1965 : first successful space rendezvous in history, between the Gemini 7 and Gemini 6 manned capsules .
- 1970 : The Soviet probe Venera 7 drops a module on the planet Venus , which transmits information for 35 minutes.
- 1996 : Boeing and McDonnell Douglas , American aerospace giants, announce their merger, creating the largest aerospace group in the world.
- 2000 : final closure of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant [ 7 ] .
- 2009 : First flight of the Boeing 787 .
- 2016 : the European Union Galileo satellite positioning system becomes operational.
Economy and society
- 1582 : the year does not have in France (see above, and other dates around) .
- 1805 : Napoleon signs the decree creating the educational establishments of the Legion of Honor .
- 1809 : the same divorce from Joséphine de Beauharnais .
- 1960 : King Baudouin I of Belgium marries Fabiola de Mora y Aragón .
- 1979 : Creation of the first Trivial Pursuit , released in Quebec .
- 2014 : Hostage situation in Sydney , Australia.
- 2019 : Olympique Lyonnais pays tribute to the new football retiree Bernard Lacombe , in its stadium, in the presence of Stade Rennes FC, its opponent of the day [ 8 ] .
1st century _
2nd century _
- 130 : Lucius Verus ( Lucius Aurelius Ceionius Commodus Verus ), Roman co-emperor with Marcus Aurelius , from 161 to his death († 169 ).
17th century _
- 1613 : François de La Rochefoucauld , French writer (†).
- 1657 : Michel-Richard Delalande , French violinist, organist and composer (†).
18th century _
- 1750 : Nicolas Gilbert , French poet (†).
- 1770 (or 16 or even 17 December of his undulation or religious baptism): Ludwig van Beethoven , German composer (†).
- 1777 : Agostino Aglio , Italian painter (†).
19th century _
- 1802 : János Bolyai , Hungarian mathematician (†).
- 1807 : Giuseppe Pecci , Italian cardinal and Jesuit (†).
- 1825 :
- Henri-Frédéric Iselin , French sculptor (†).
- Paul Bernard Labrosse-Luuyt , French engineer (†).
- 1832 : Gustave Eiffel , French engineer and industrialist (†).
- 1852 : Henri Becquerel , French physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903 (†).
- 1859 : Louis-Lazare Zamenhof , Polish physician and linguist, initiator of Esperanto ( †).
- 1867 : Giuseppe Lauricella , Sicilian mathematician (†).
- 1873 : Abdeljelil Zaouche (عبد الجليل الزّاوش), Tunisian politician and businessman (†).
- 1883 : Mikołaj Osada , Polish prosecutor and deputy (†).
- 1888 : James Maxwell Anderson , American playwright (†).
- 1890 : Federico Callori di Vignale , Italian Cardinal of the Roman Curia (†).
- 1891 : Martial Gueroult , French philosopher and historian of philosophy (†).
- 1892 : Jean Paul Getty , American industrialist (†).
- 1899 : Harold Abrahams , British athlete, sprint specialist (†).
20th century _
- 1901 :
- Georges Cogniot , French writer, philosopher and politician (†).
- Charles Lecocq , Belgian poet (†).
- Wolfgang Müller , German officer (†).
- 1902 :
- Michel Bouts , French writer and pedagogue (†).
- Robert Fiske Bradford , American politician (†).
- Alphonse Couturier , Quebec politician (†).
- 1903 :
- Bernardus Petrus "Bernard" Leene , Dutch racing cyclist (†).
- Yuli Raizman (Юлий Яковлевич Райзман), Soviet director (†).
- Nakaji Yasui (安井 仲治), Japanese photographer (†).
- 1904 :
- Benjamin Baruch "Benny" Bass , American boxer (†).
- Herbert Blankenhorn , German politician (†).
- Guy Lévis Mano , French poet, translator and typographer (†).
- Édouard Rieunaud , French politician and business leader (†).
- Henry Russell , American athlete (†).
- Helen Meany , American Olympic champion diver in 1928 (†).
- 1905 :
- Ferenc Farkas , Hungarian composer (†).
- Rellys ( Henri Marius Roger Bourelly dit), French actor (†).
- 1906 :
- Edmond Debeaumarché , French resistant, companion of the Liberation (†).
- Joseph MacDonald , American cinematographer (†).
- 1907 :
- Marcel Dehaye , Belgian novelist and comic book publisher († 1990 ).
- Gordon Douglas , American director, actor, screenwriter and producer (†).
- Esko Järvinen , Finnish ski jumper (†).
- Oscar Niemeyer , Brazilian architect (†).
- Dom Robert ( Guy de Chaunac-Lanzac dit), Benedictine monk (†).
- 1908 :
- Alton Delmore , American musician (†).
- Ray Hogan , American writer, author of western novels (†).
- William Lemit , composer, pedagogue and musicologist (†).
- Demetrio Neyra , Peruvian international footballer (†).
- Attila Sallustro , Paraguayan footballer and coach (†).
- Kenneth Younger , British politician (†).
- 1909 :
- Pierre Depoid , French statistician (†).
- John Glassco , Canadian poet, writer and translator (†).
- Jack Gwillim , English actor (†).
- Hermann Haller , Swiss editor, director and screenwriter (†).
- Christian Masson , French politician (†).
- James Smith , American skipper (†).
- 1910 :
- Louis Bourdonnec , French and Breton resistance fighter, section leader of the FFI (†).
- Allan La Fontaine , French Australian rules football player (†).
- John Hammond , American music producer, musician and critic (†).
- Louis Hardiquest , Belgian racing cyclist (†).
- Augustin Le Maresquier , French regional historian (†).
- Robert Seguy , French trade unionist teacher (†).
- 1911 :
- Jacques Chevallier , French-Algerian politician (†).
- Stanley Newcomb "Stan" Kenton , American jazz bandleader, composer and pianist (†).
- Alfred Malleret-Joinville , French politician (†).
- René Ríos Boettiger , Chilean comics author (†).
- Michael Ross , American actor (†).
- Wilhelm Schüchter , German conductor (†).
- 1912 :
- Ray Eames , American artist, designer , architect and film director (†).
- Henry Fournier-Foch , French soldier (†).
- Ettore Giannini , Italian theater screenwriter and director (†).
- Reuben Goodstein , British mathematician (†).
- Rashid Nejmetdinov (Рашид Гибятович Нежметдинов), Tatar chess player (†).
- Gérard Vée , French politician (†).
- 1913 :
- Roger Gaudry , Quebec chemist and manager (†).
- Boubacar Guèye , Senegalese politician (†).
- Masayoshi Itō (伊東 正義), Japanese politician Prime Minister in 1980 (†).
- Prudent Joye , French athlete (†).
- 1914 :
- Anatole Abragam , French physicist (†).
- Maurice Cattin-Bazin , French politician (†).
- Reginald Leafe , English football referee († 2001 ).
- 1915 :
- Arthur Morris "Art" Jackson , Canadian professional ice hockey player (†).
- Chung Li-ho (鍾理和), Taiwanese writer (†).
- Charles F. Wheeler , American cinematographer (†).
- 1918 :
- Jeff Chandler ( Ira Grossel says), American actor (†).
- Chihiro Iwasaki (いわさき ちひろ), Japanese illustrator (†).
- 1919 :
- François Chalais , French journalist, reporter, interviewer, and film columnist (†).
- Max Yasgur , American farmer partial owner of the grounds of Bethel (of the so-called Woodstock festival (†).
- 1920 : Kurt Schaffenberger , American cartoonist (†).
- 1921 :
- Alan Freed , American disc jockey , coiner of the term rock 'n' roll in 1951 (†).
- Jacques Lecoq , French actor, director, choreographer and pedagogue (†).
- 1923 : Pierre Cossette , Canadian television producer (†).
- 1924 : Esther Bejarano (née Esther Loewy ), German musician, one of the last survivors of the women's orchestra of Auschwitz (†).
- 1926 :
- Josep Maria Castellet , Spanish writer, literary critic and publisher (†).
- Emmanuel Wamala , Ugandan Catholic Cardinal Archbishop of Kampala .
- 1928 : Friedensreich Hundertwasser , Austrian artist, painter, thinker and architect (†).
- 1930 : Edmond Tober , French jazz drummer musician (†).
- 1932 : Ernest Cabo , French Catholic Bishop of Basse-Terre (†).
- 1933 : Thomas Daniel "Tim" Conway , American actor and screenwriter (†).
- 1934 :
- Stanislaw Shuchkievich , nuclear physicist and first president of independent Belarus (†).
- Claude Dubois , illustrator and scriptwriter of French comic strips from Lorraine.
- 1936 : Joe D'Amato , Italian director, cinematographer, cameraman and screenwriter (†).
- 1939 : Umaru Mutallab , Nigerian businessman.
- 1940 :
- Nicholas Anthony "Nick" Buoniconti , American football player (†).
- Efraín Girón , Venezuelan matador (†).
- 1942 : David de Rothschild , French banker.
- 1943 : Mihály Hesz , Hungarian Olympic champion kayaker.
- 1944 : Michel Fuzellier , illustrator and director of French cartoons.
- 1946 :
- Carmine Appice , American drummer for the band Vanilla Fudge .
- Steve Fiset , Quebec singer (†).
- Jean-Michel Ribes , French author, director and director.
- 1947 :
- Jane Evelyn Atwood , French-British-American photographer.
- Guy Le Meaux , French painter.
- Melanie Chartoff , American actress.
- Pascal Bruckner , French philosopher, novelist and essayist.
- 1949 :
- Donnie Wayne "Don" Johnson , American actor and singer.
- Denise Leblanc-Bantey , Quebec politician (†).
- Serhiy Novikov , Olympic champion Soviet judoka (†).
- 1950 : Olivier Pastré , economist, teacher, president of an investment bank, consultant and French columnist for radio and television.
- 1953 : Eswarapatham Saravanapavan , Sri Lankan Tamil newspaper publisher and politician.
- 1955 : Paul Simonon , English musician and painter, bassist of the group The Clash .
- 1957 :
- Normand Baron , Canadian professional hockey player.
- Mario Marois , Quebec hockey player.
- 1958 : Alfredo Ormando , Italian writer (†).
- 1962 :
- Gianluca Farina , Italian Olympic champion rower.
- Jean-Yves Thériault , Quebec musician from the band Voivod .
- 1963 : Helen Slater , American actress and singer.
- 1964 : Christophe Carrière , French journalist and writer.
- 1966 : Katja von Garnier , German director.
- 1967 : Maurice Samuel "Mo" Vaughn , American baseball player.
- 1969 : Chantal Petitclerc , Paralympic athlete from Quebec.
- 1970 : Michael Shanks , Canadian actor.
- 1971 : Kamel Ouali , French choreographer.
- 1972 : Fusco ( João Carlos Proença Filipe said), Portuguese footballer.
- 1973 : Surya Bonaly , French ice skater.
- 1975 : Thierry Loder , French road cyclist.
- 1977 :
- Rohff ( Housni Mkouboi said), French rapper.
- Catherine Fox , American Olympic champion swimmer.
- Gong Zhichao , Chinese Olympic champion badminton player.
- 1978 : Henrieta Nagyová , Slovak tennis player.
- 1979 :
- Adam Brody , American actor and singer.
- Nomy , Swedish musician.
- 1980 :
- Élodie Gossuin , Miss France and Miss Europe 2001 , French model, stylist, politician and animator.
- Alexandra Stevenson , American tennis player.
- 1981 :
- Najoua Belyzel ( Najoua Mazouri called), French singer.
- Michelle Dockery , English actress.
- Thomas Herrion , American football player (†).
- Paolo Lorenzi , Italian tennis player.
- 1983 :
- Jérôme Dekeyser , Belgian field hockey player.
- Julien Lesieu , French basketball player.
- Flora Manciet , French lifesaving swimmer .
- 1984 :
- Véronique Mang , French sprint athlete.
- Kyle Wilson , Canadian professional hockey player.
- 1986 :
- Michael Blunden , Canadian professional hockey player.
- Keylor Navas , Costa Rican footballer.
- 1987 : Vincent Duport , French rugby league player.
- 1988 :
- Floyd Ayité , Franco-Togolese footballer.
- Erik Gustafsson , Swedish professional hockey player.
- Steven Nzonzi , French footballer world champion in 2018.
- 1989 :
- Héléna Ciak , French basketball player.
- Lamine Sambe , French basketball player.
- 1997 :
- Momoka Itō (伊藤 萌々香), Japanese singer.
- Eric Lu , American pianist.
- Stefania Owen , American actress.
21st century _
- 2002 :
- Azumah Bugre , Ghanaian footballer.
- Rabab Ouhadi , Moroccan taekwondo player.
11th century _
- 1025 : Basil II (Βασίλειος Β΄), Byzantine emperor from 960 to 1025 (° 958 ).
17th century _
- 1621 : Charles de Luynes , favourite , principal minister, keeper of the seals and constable of the young king of France Louis XIII [ 9 ] (°).
- 1647 : Isaac de Castro Tartas , marrano, burned alive in Lisbon (° 1623 ).
- 1651 : Virginie Centurione Bracelli , Italian Catholic saint , founder of two religious congregations (°).
- 1664 : Dietrich Reinkingk , German constitutionalist and politician (°).
- 1675 : Johannes Vermeer , Dutch painter (°).
- 1683 : Izaac Walton , English writer (°).
- 1686 : Daniel Gittard , French architect (°).
18th century _
- 1775 : Princess Tarakanova , pretender to the Russian throne in 1774.
19th century _
- 1821 : Ambroise-François Germain , goldsmith, mathematician and French politician (°).
- 1855 : Charles Sturm , French mathematician (°).
- 1859 : Valentin Zwierkowski , Polish officer (°).
- 1890 : Sitting Bull ( Tȟatȟaŋka Iyotȟaŋka said Sitting Bull or), Sioux Chief (° c. 1831 ).
20th century _
- 1909 : Francisco Tárrega , Spanish guitarist (°).
- 1917 : Thérèse Guasch y Toda , Spanish nun, founder of the Theresian Carmelites of Saint Joseph (°).
- 1938 : Valery Chkalov (Валерий Павлович Чкалов), Soviet aviator (°).
- 1943 : Thomas Wright “Fats” Waller , American musician (°).
- 1944 : Glenn Miller , American musician (°).
- 1949 : Alice Bailey , British writer (°).
- 1954 : Liberty Hyde Bailey , American botanist (°).
- 1955 : Horace McCoy , American writer and screenwriter (°).
- 1958 : Wolfgang Pauli , Austrian physicist, Nobel Prize in Physics in 1945 (°).
- 1960 : Véra Clouzot ( Vera Gibson Amado known as), French actress of Brazilian origin (°)
- 1962 :
- Adila Fachiri , Hungarian violinist (°).
- Charles Laughton , British-born American comedian and director (°).
- 1966 : Walter Elias “Walt” Disney , American producer and creator of cartoons (°).
- 1968 :
- Antonio Barrette , Quebec politician (°).
- Jess Willard , American boxer (°).
- 1970 :
- Valérian Bernard Freyberg, 3rd Baron Freyberg , British peer and politician.
- Stanislas-André Steeman , Belgian author and illustrator (°).
- 1974 : Anatole Litvak , American director, producer and screenwriter of Ukrainian origin (°).
- 1976 : Grégoire Kayibanda , Rwandan politician, President of Rwanda from 1961 to 1973 (°).
- 1980 : Lélia Constance Băjenesco , first female radio amateur in Romania (°).
- 1982 : Yolande Laffon , French actress, widow of Pierre Brisson (°).
- 1984 : Jan Peerce ( Jacob Pincus Perelmuth dit), American tenor (°).
- 1985 : Seewoosagur Ramgoolam , politician Prime Minister then Governor General of Mauritius ( °).
- 1986 : Serge Lifar (Сергей Михайлович Лифарь), Russian dancer, choreographer and pedagogue (°).
- 1987 (on Esperanto Day ): Ivo Lapenna , Yugoslav Esperantist , President of the Universal Esperanto Association (°).
- 1989 :
- Arnold Moss , American actor (°).
- José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha , known as the Mexican , Colombian drug trafficker number two in the Medellín cartel (°).
- 1991 : Vassili Grigorievich Zaïtsev (Василий Григорьевич Зайцев), Soviet sniper (°).
- 1996 :
- Harry Kemelman , American mystery novelist (°).
- Laurens van der Post , British writer (°)
- 1999 : Guglielmo Gattiani , Italian Capuchin priest “ servant of God ” (°).
- 2000 : Jacques Goddet , French journalist and sportsman, founder of the newspaper L'Équipe and director of the Tour de France cyclist (°).
21st century _
- 2001 : Rufus Thomas , American singer (°).
- 2003 : Keith Magnuson , Canadian ice hockey defenseman (°).
- 2004 : René Cleitman , French producer (°).
- 2005 : Julián Marías Aguilera , Spanish philosopher, sociologist and essayist (°).
- 2006 :
- Jaak Merchez , Belgian footballer then coach (°).
- Stanford Jay Shaw , American historian (°).
- Gianclaudio Giuseppe “Clay” Regazzoni , Swiss racing driver (°).
- 2007 :
- Jean Bottero , French Assyriologist historian (°).
- Julia Carson , American politician (°).
- André Jorrand , French composer and organist (°).
- Diane Middlebrook , professor of women's studies, American poet and biographer (°).
- 2008 :
- León Febres-Cordero , Ecuadorian statesman (°).
- Davey Graham , British guitarist (°).
- 2009 : Jacques Friedmann , French businessman (°).
- 2010 :
- Blake Edwards ( William Blake Crump said), American director, screenwriter and producer (°).
- Robert William Andrew "Bob" Feller , American baseball player (°).
- Jean Rollin , French director, screenwriter and producer (°).
- 2013 : Joan Fontaine ( Joan de Beauvoir de Havilland known as), British naturalized American actress (°).
- 2014 : Boty Lou Rosalie , president of the board of directors of the market of the cooperative for the marketing of food products in Cocody (°).
- 2017 : Darlanne Fluegel , American actress (°).
- 2018 : Milunka Lazarević , Serbian chess player and journalist (°).
- 2020 : Caroline Cellier ( Monique Cellier known as), French theater, film and television actress, companion, wife then widow of Jean Poiret (°).
- 2021 : Marcel Meys , supercentenarian and penultimate male dean known to the French, before André Boite himself who has since died (°).
- Zamenhofa Tago or universal day of Esperanto or Zamenhof for the anniversary date of birth of Louis-Lazare Zamenhof ( in photograph opposite ) at the origin of the language [ 10 ] .
- Netherlands Antilles , Aruba , Curaçao , Sint Maarten , Netherlands : Koninkrijksdag ("Kingdom Day"), commemorating the signing of the Charter of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in 1954 .
- Alderney ( UK Channel Islands ): Homecoming Day celebrating the first return of the island's inhabitants in 1945 , after a mass evacuation in June 1940 at the same time as the exodus to neighboring (and cousin ) France and Normandy [ 11 ] .
- Brittany ( France ): Santig Du, or Santik Du , little "black saint" ( du = black; November , in the Celtic Breton language), in reference to "Yann Divoutou" (" Jean Discalceat " / "the déchaux", in Breton Celtic and Latin), or "Yann Diarc'hen" ("Jean sans sabots", in Breton again), a Breton Franciscan considered holy by popular tradition (° v. 1279 - 15 a viz kerzu / December 1349).
- United States : Bill of Rights Day commemorating the 1791 ratification of the first 10 amendments to the United States Constitution [ 12 ] .
- Roman religious festivals : from the 8th century BC . J.-C. , this December 15 as the 21 sextilis (future August) , Consualia in honor of the god Consus sometimes identified with Neptune , the Roman equivalent of the Greek Poseidon god of the sea.
Saints of the Christian Churches
Catholics and Orthodox
Saints of the Day [ 13 ] , [ 14 ] :
- Adalberon II of Metz ( 958 - 1005 ) — or "Adalberon I of Verdun", or "Aldaberon of Ardennes" —, blessed , who belonged to the family of the Dukes of Lorraine , raised at the Abbey of Gorze , Bishop of Verdun and Metz , and who founded many monasteries.
- Bacchus († around 790 ), known as “the New”, Muslim convert, monk of the Lavra of Saint-Sabbas , martyr in Palestine by the hand of other Muslims .
- Drostan ( † c. 610 ), Benedictine monk, disciple of Saint Columba , Abbot of Deer (or Dier), County Aberdeen , who evangelized northern Scotland ; Also celebrated on July 11 .
- Stephen of Souroge (ru) († 787 ), archbishop in Crimea.
- Eusebius of Verceil († c. 370 ) , bishop of Verceil (translation of the relics, main date August 1 ).
- Mesmin the Elder 6th century , abbot near Orléans.
Catholic Saints or Blesseds
Saints or beatified [ 13 ] :
- Charles Steeb ( 1773 - 1856 ), Blessed , born in Tübingen , Germany , into a Lutheran family , confessor and founder of the Institute of the Sisters of Mercy .
- Mary Crucified of Rosa ( 1813 - 1855 ), foundress of the Servants of Charity in Brescia , Italy.
- Virginie Centurione Bracelli ( 1587 - 1651 ), founder of two religious congregations : the Sisters of Our Lady of Refuge, on Mount Calvary, and the Sisters Daughters of Our Lady of Mount Calvary.
- Arsene the Catholicos ( 11th century ) [ 14 ] , ( at possibly different dates in the Julian or Eastern calendars) .
names of the day
Happy birthday to Virginia and its most common variants: Virginia, Ginger, Gigi (e), Ninie or even Nina , in the feminine (best known holiday on January 7 ) ; Virginian, Virginien, Virginijus , Virgin in the masculine.
And also to:
- Christiane , C(h)risti(a)na and their diminutives: Nina , Nine, Nino , Ninon (cf. also January 14 ) or Tina (cf. February 14 ) .
- Yann, Yan or even Jean (in connection with the Santig Du alias Santik Du Breton above).
Traditions and superstitions
- Zodiac sign : 23rd day of Serpentarius (or Sagittarius?).
- The names of several roads, squares, sites or buildings in French-speaking countries or regions contain this date in various spellings: see Quinze-Décembre .
Notes and references
- Max Gallo , François Ier: King of France King-Knight Prince of the French Renaissance , Villeneuve d'Ascq & Mayenne, XO editions ,, 384 p. ( ISBN 978-2-84563-681-1 ) , 2 (1515-1516), "Chapter 11 (page 66)".
- " it happened on… December 15 " , herodote.net (accessed on) .
- Process of interpreting a photo, a drawing, a painting, by dismantling the various superimposed layers by abandoning oneself (…) “to a critical and systematic objectification of delusional associations and interpretations. » Scheler, Paul Éluard, Complete Works: Chronology , Gallimard, p. LXVI & Beaux Arts magazine no . 279, September 2007, p. 38 .
- Evelyne Grossman, Artaud: chronology , Gallimard Quarto, p. 1451 and 1767.
- Institut National de l'Audiovisuel-Ina.fr , " Closure of Chernobyl " , on Ina.fr (consulted on) .
- https://www.ouest-france.fr/sport/football/stade-rennais/stade-rennais-l-hommage-bernard-lacombe-les-soldats-tombes-au-combat-nos-top-et-flop -lyon-6656596
- Max Gallo , Richelieu, faith in France , Villeneuve d'Ascq & Mayenne, XO editions ,, 370 p. ( ISBN 978-2-84563-381-0 ) , Part III, "To Command Men Well" (1617-1622), "Chapter 16 (page 145)".
- www.journee-mondiale.com : December 15.
- Holiday A Day .
- White House website .
- nominis.cef.fr Nominis: Gregorian calendar of Christian saints and first names for December 15.
- www.forum-orthodoxe.com Francophone Orthodox Forum: saints for December 15 of the Orthodox ecclesiastical calendar.
- December 15 in sports
- December 15 in the railways
- December 15 in the Crusades
- December 15 and Catholicism